Go to Home

Coupons & Deals
Aquarium Fish Stress and Disease
Stress & Disease

Fish Deals
on EBAY!
Breeding Aquarium Fish
Aquarium
Breeding
Aquarium Fish Compatibility
Compatible
Tankmates

Link
Exchange

NAVIGATION
 
 
 
 
 

FISH TYPES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

FISH RELATED
 
 
 
 
 
 

FISH FINDER
Find the best fish and fishy deals on the products you should buy.



FishDeals.com | Livebearers
 
About Livebearers (Cyprindontiformes)
(Mollies, Platies, Guppies, Swordtails)


Fish also known as "Whitey"
Livebearers > Quick Stats
Food: Regular Fish Flakes & Treats once in a while. Nothing Special
Breeding: Known as (JAW) for Just Add Water. These guys are the easiest to breed in the hobby, just add water.
Tank Conditions: Some livebeares like Mollies & Platies thrive will a bit of Aquarium Salt, other than that no special requirements here.

Livebearers belong to the massive order, Cyprindontiformes and are made up of, among others, the families Anablepidae, Goodeidae, Hemirhamphidae, and Poeciliidae.

All told livebearing fishes are represented in 54 families of fishes (forty are cartilaginous fishes; sharks and rays, though these groups include oviparous species as well). Though infrequently to never seen in aquarium use, other livebearing fishes include Old Four Legs, the Coelacanth (no longer monotypic, there is at least one new to science species in Indonesia) and thirteen other advanced bony fishes (teleost) families.

Livebearers are the most popular of all aquarium species due to the wide availability, relatively peaceful behavior, and their colors. Livebearers have a wide range of appearance, from the common guppy to the odd Freshwater Sting Ray (Potamotrygon sp.). Livebearers are distributed throughout Southeast Asia, the Americas, and the Caribbean.


The Essentials Related Web Links
 Guppies
 Mollies
 Platies
 swordtails
  View our Image Gallery of Livebearers
  Livebearers Forum Discussion
  Livebearers Species List
External Web Resources
  Livebearers @ Aquabid.com

These fish do very well in the harder, more alkaline waters that come from the taps in most parts of this country. They appreciate, and some species require, the addition of a small amount of salt in their water. While they will accept any and all foods that are small enough for them to swallow, these fish are primarily carnivorous, feeding on insect larva in the wild. In fact, members of this family often play important roles in mosquito control programs. They will thrive much better if you give them a little "meat" in their diet. The popular mollies are an exception and do best with the addition of vegetable matter to the diet.

The outstanding feature of these fish is their productions of live young. The fry are large and can eat within minutes of birth. They will reproduce in a community tank. However, the parents will quickly eat any young they can find. If you wish to save more than a few of the fry, steps need to be taken almost immediately after birth to separate the parents from the young.

Platies and Swordtails belong to the same Genus which means they are closely related and in most cases they will interbreed quite freely. And most of the modern fancy varieties originate from various crosses between the two along with some selective breeding. Guppies and Platies though, belong to different Genra making interbreeding a lot less likely if indeed it happens at all.

It's interesting that Platies and Swordtails will often interbreed to produce hybrids. In fact most Platies and Swordtails sold as pets have genes from both species. Click here for more about Platies, and here for more about Swordtails.

Most Livebearing Toothcarps prefer the pH to be above 7, ideally between 7.2 to 7.8 and the GH 12 to 30. They don't really like soft acidic water like the small Tetras and this should be kept in mind when choosing fish. Most are quite adaptable so if they are acclimatised properly they will accept a variety of conditions. Most, but not all species of Mollies need to have a little salt added to their water at the rate of 1 teaspoon per gall. It is important that marine salt is used and not table salt intended for human consumption. Platies Swordtails and Guppies do not need any salt adding to the water and it should not be used with them except as a treatment for some diseases.

Today most health problems seem to be related to inbreeding or just poor breeding when unsuitable adults have been used. Followed by keeping them in unsuitable conditions (soft acidic water). When the conditions aren't right they seem more prone to fish TB than most other fish. To ensure good health buy fish which are young and healthy, if there are any in the same tank which show signs of inbreeding reject all the fish in that tank. The signs to look for to avoid are - bent backs which makes the males swim as though their tails were to heavy, kinked spines, missing gill covers, slight eye deformities ect. If the fish are from good stock and kept in the right conditions they normally remain quite healthy.

Livebearers > Navigate Popular Types

Guppy Species
(Photo Gallery)

Mollies Species
(Photo Gallery)

Platies Species
(Photo Gallery)

Swordtail Species
(Photo Gallery)

Temperament:
Livebearers are quite peaceful fish, usually ignoring tank mates completely. Some care must be taken with guppies - the long colouful tails of male guppies can be tempting for any fish prone to nipping. If male and female livebearers are kept together, there should always be more females than males. Males of most species will chase the females incessantly - even females of other livebearer species. Having a ratio of two females to each male will ensure that no one female is constantly chased. Alternatively, males can be kept without females.

Definition:
An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. It includes two suborders, adrianichthyoidei (egg layers) and cyprinodontoidei (egg layers and livebearers). The latter suborder comprises cyprinodontidae (egg-laying killifish), goodeidae (mexican livebearers), jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), anablepidae (four-eyed fish), poeciliidae (livebearers). Of the suborder poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus poecilia.



LIVEBEARERS - Most Commonly Kept in Aquariums
View
Common Name
Scientific Name
Similar Names
Poecilia latipinnaSailfin MollyN/A
Poecilia pictaVariegated MollieN/A
Poecilia reticulataGuppyN/A
Poecilia sphenopsMexican MollyN/A
Poecilia veliferaYucatan MollyN/A
Xiphophorus corteziCortez SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus helleriiGreen SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus maculatusSouthern PlatyfishN/A
Xiphophorus milleriCatemaco PlatyN/A
Xiphophorus montezumaeMontezuma SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus pygmaeusPygmy SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus signumComma SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus variatusVariable PlatyfishN/A
Xiphophorus xiphidiumSwordtail PlatyN/A

ANABANDTIDS - Aquarium Full Listing - Missing One?
View
Common Name
Scientific Name
Similar Names
Alfaro cultratus Knife LivebearerN/A
Belonesox belizanusPike KillifishN/A
Brachyrhaphis episcopiBishop BrachyN/A
Carlhubbsia stuartiBanded WidowN/A
Cnesterodon decemmaculatusTen-Spotted LivebearerN/A
Gambusia affinisWestern Mosquito FishN/A
Gambusia dominicensisDominican GambusiaN/A
Gambusia holbrookiEastern Mosquito FishN/A
Gambusia nicaraguensisNicaragua GambusiaN/A
Gambusia punctataCuban gambusiaN/A
Gambusia puncticulata yucatanaYuctan GambusiaN/A
Gambusia rachowiRochow's MosquitofishN/A
Girardinus metallicusMetallic LivebearerN/A
Heterandria bimaculataCommon Twin Spot LivebearerN/A
Heterandria formosaLeast KillifishN/A
Limia melanogasterBlackbelly LimiaN/A
Limia nigrofasciataBlackbarred LimiaN/A
Limia ornataOrnate LimiaN/A
Limia perugiaePerugia's LimiaN/A
Limia vittataCuban LimiaN/A
Phallichthys amatesMerry Widow LivebearerN/A
Phallichthys amates pittieriOrange-Dorsal LivebearerN/A
Phalloceros caudimaculatusDusky Millions FishN/A
Phalloptychus januariusBarred MillionsfishN/A
Poecilia branneriBranner's LivebearerN/A
Poecilia latipinnaSailfin MollyN/A
Poecilia pictaVariegated MollieN/A
Poecilia reticulataGuppyN/A
Poecilia sphenopsMexican MollyN/A
Poecilia veliferaYucatan MollyN/A
Poecilia viviparaOne Spot LivebearerN/A
Poeciliopsis gracilisPorthole LivebearerN/A
Priapella intermediaBlue-Eyed LivebearerN/A
Quintana atrizonaBlack-Barred LivebearerN/A
Xiphophorus corteziCortez SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus helleriiGreen SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus maculatusSouthern PlatyfishN/A
Xiphophorus milleriCatemaco PlatyN/A
Xiphophorus montezumaeMontezuma SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus pygmaeusPygmy SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus signumComma SwordtailN/A
Xiphophorus variatusVariable PlatyfishN/A
Xiphophorus xiphidiumSwordtail PlatyN/A
If you know of a species that is not listed above please let us know!
References/Further Reading



    FishDeals.com Special Features  



Breeding Aquarium Fish
Compatible Groups for Aquariums
View Aquarium Coupons & Deals