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FishDeals.com | Anabantids | Gouramis Species | Chocolate Gourami
 
Anabantids - Gouramis - Chocolate Gourami
(Sphaerichthys osphromenoides) - (Chocolate)

Chocolate Gourami (Sphaerichthys osphromenoides) > Quick Stats
Scientific Name: Sphaerichthys osphromenoides
Family: Osphronemidae
Origin: S.E. Asia
Adult Size: Up to 2.5" (inches)
Social: Community Fish
Lifespan: 4 years
Tank Level: Everywhere
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Mouthbrooder
Care: Very Hard
pH: 5.5 - 6.5
Hardenss: 2.0 - 6.0 dGH
Temperature: 72-78 F (22-26 C)
Availability: Not quite rare.

General Information:
A delicate species of fish to keep, they make Discus look positively hardy.

Compatibility:
Possible Tankmates include Harlequin Rasbora and Eye-Spot Rasbora. Can be very aggressive with each other, and larger tanks are recommended to keep groups of six or more. They live in family groups outsiders may not be accepted. They are peaceful towards other small gentle fish. But Chocolate Gouramis are very delicate and they are unlikely to live very long in an average community tank.

Sexing:
It's a mouth brooder. Sex differences are not very significant in low breeding activity periods, but are outstanding when breeding. Males show a pronounced cream/white edge mainly on the dorsal fin, and a more intense reddish body. Females are rounder and acquire a less intense colour, showing a dark spot on the tail fin. Sometimes the male has a yellow border along the edge of it's fins

Breeding/Spawning:

    To initiate breeding, use peat extract and a pH 0f 6.2. Reduce the water level and raise the water temperature gradually over two days by 2C. Then add some cooler water to the tank. When spawning, the female will hold the eggs in her mouth for 14 days, during which she does not eat, therefore she must be in prime condition.

Coloration:

    Brown coloured (it gets its name from that), with several cream coloured stripes, which change according to its mood. It also shows a characteristic cream, brown and black pattern on the anal and part of the tail fin.

Maintenance:

    A delicate species of fish to keep they make Discus look positively hardy. You must maintain perfect water conditions in a mature, planted tank to prevent bacterial infections and skin diseases. Keep these fish only if you can provide the right conditions, and keep them steady. Water quality is crucial Prefer darker tanks, floating plants,
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External Web Resources
References/Further Reading

Andrews, C. 1986 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Fish Breeding. Salamander, London. 117 pp., color illus.
Boggs, Sallie S. 1981. Mouthbrooding Bettas (Betta pugnans, B. picta, B. taeniata, B. brederi). FAMA 9/81.
Lucas, Gene A. 1987. Betta pugnax: Observations on a large mouthbrooding Betta. FAMA 3/87.
Mills, D. 1984 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Community Fishes. Tetra Press, Morris Plains, NJ. 117 pp., some color.
Pinter, H. 1986 Labyrinth Fish. Barron's, Woodbury, NY. 144 pp., some color illus.
Richter, Hans-Joachim 1988 Gouramis and Other Anabantoids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 224 pp.er,
Vierke, J. 1986 Vierke's Aquarium Book. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 352 pp.
Vierke, J. 1988 Bettas, Gouramis and Other Anabantoids: Labyrinth Fishes of the World. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 192 pp., color illus.

Popular Gourami Species
Banded Gourami
Colista fasciata
Giant Gourami
Osphronemus gorami
Chocolate Gourami
Sphaerichthys osphromenoides
Dwarf Gourami
Colisa lalia
Honey/Sunset Gourami
Colisa chuna
Kissing Gourami
Helostoma temminckii
Moonlight Gourami
Trichogaster microlepis
Pearl Gourami
Trichogaster leeri
Snakeskin Gourami
Trichogaster pectoralis
Thick lipped Gourami
Colisa labiosa
Three-Spot Gourami
Trichogaster trichopterus
(Blue, Gold, Opaline)

 Gouramis Common Species Care Sheet - (PETCO.com)

Follow the above recommendations and you should have a joyful Gouramis experience. Send any questions, comments or pictures to Ask An Expert If you are interested in helping out visit our contributions page.

References/Further Reading


Andrews, C. 1986 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Fish Breeding. Salamander, London. 117 pp., color illus.
Boggs, Sallie S. 1981. Mouthbrooding Bettas (Betta pugnans, B. picta, B. taeniata, B. brederi). FAMA 9/81.
Lucas, Gene A. 1987. Betta pugnax: Observations on a large mouthbrooding Betta. FAMA 3/87.
Mills, D. 1984 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Community Fishes. Tetra Press, Morris Plains, NJ. 117 pp., some color.
Pinter, H. 1986 Labyrinth Fish. Barron's, Woodbury, NY. 144 pp., some color illus.
Richter, Hans-Joachim 1988 Gouramis and Other Anabantoids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 224 pp.er,
Vierke, J. 1986 Vierke's Aquarium Book. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 352 pp.
Vierke, J. 1988 Bettas, Gouramis and Other Anabantoids: Labyrinth Fishes of the World. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 192 pp., color illus.



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